Using ZFS snapshots instead of BackupPC
One of the docker containers I’ve been using is the wonderful BackupPC for agentless backups. This thing works quite well, allowing me to backup laptops around the house without too much hassle. It’s a bit work to set it up properly, but it works and is fast.
If you want to backup BackupPC to a 3rd system, for instance a cloud provider, you need to backup the entire pool of files it creates. This also means that if your local BackupPC instance is broken, and you need to restore one file, you need to re-download the entire BackupPC repository.
Most cloud providers are fairly cheap to put data in, but they charge you (more) to download the data.
To solve this, I converted the machines that need backups to ZFS, and started to use ZFS snapshots together with zfs send and zfs receive to put them on the Proxmox NAS. I first testing this with just the base commands, but quickly moved over to Jim Salter’s sanoid/syncoid tool.
The tool is really simple: you add the backup policy to
/etc/sanoid/sanoid.conf, specifying which snapshots to take and how to lifecycle them. On Debian a systemd timer comes with the package that executes
sanoid every 15 minutes.
[laptop/home/myuser] use_template = backup2nas recursive = yes skip_children = yes [template_backup2nas] frequently = 0 hourly = 0 daily = 14 monthly = 0 yearly = 0 autosnap = yes autoprune = yes
This policy keeps 14 days of daily snapshots.
You also need a policy on the receiving system, otherwise the old snapshots will never be cleaned up:
[datapool/backups/hosts] use_template = host_backups recursive = yes process_children_only = yes [template_host_backups] frequently = 0 hourly = 0 daily = 30 monthly = 12 yearly = 5 autosnap = no autoprune = yes daily_warn = 2d daily_crit = 3d
This policy keeps 30 daily, 12 monthly and 5 yearly snapshots. It also sends out a warning of snapshots are more than 2 days old.
To send the snapshots over, I use
syncoid in a cron job that runs every 20 minutes:
*/20 * * * * /usr/sbin/syncoid --quiet --no-sync-snap laptop/home/myuser server:datapool/backups/hosts/laptop
Additionaly, a daily restic job sends the latest snapshots to BackBlace B2, where they live even longer and with finer granularity. This way I have an easy restore method locally, and if needed I can just mount the restic respository and copy out the single file that I need to restore, costing me only the money to get that one file (and a bit of overhead).
Always practice good backups. Have a local copy on-site, and make sure you have atleast an additional copy off-site.